birth control options

Choosing a Birth Control

birth control options

Choosing a birth control method can be a difficult decision. With so many options, how should you decide what’s best for you? Well, it’s not something you should decide alone. Choosing a birth control method should be a joint decision between you and your health care provider.

Don’t be shy. Some women may find it uncomfortable to talk honestly with their health care providers. But your health care provider is depending on you to share your feelings and concerns. You are your biggest advocate.

Questions about birth control

Here are some questions to ask your health care provider at your next appointment.

Your current birth control situation
  • Are you currently using birth control?
  • Are you looking to start using birth control?
  • What are some of the factors you consider when choosing birth control?
  • Do you have any special needs that you’re concerned about?
Your reasons for choosing birth control methods
  • Have you tried other forms of birth control in the past?
  • Are you looking for another option for birth control?
  • Are you interested in birth control that you do not have to take every day?
Your previous birth control experience
  • What aspects of your previous birth control did you like?
  • What aspects of your previous birth control did you dislike?

Questions about NuvaRing (etonogestrel/ethinyl estradiol vaginal ring)

How to use NuvaRing
  • When can I start using NuvaRing?
  • How do I insert and remove NuvaRing?
  • Can NuvaRing fall out or get lost inside me?
NuvaRing and sexual intercourse
  • Do I need to remove NuvaRing before sexual intercourse?
  • Will my partner or I be able to feel NuvaRing?
How will NuvaRing affect your body?
  • What are the possible risks and side effects?
NuvaRing and other methods of birth control
  • What makes NuvaRing different from other types of birth control?
  • Is NuvaRing right for me?

Before you leave the office

If you've received a prescription for NuvaRing, practice inserting NuvaRing while at the doctor's office, or ask for an in-office demonstration. This will help you get all your questions immediately answered by a knowledgeable source.


NuvaRing (etonogestrel/ethinyl estradiol vaginal ring) is a flexible birth control vaginal ring used to prevent pregnancy. Available by prescription only.
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION

Do not use NuvaRing (etonogestrel/ethinyl estradiol vaginal ring) if you smoke cigarettes and are over age 35. Smoking increases your risk of serious heart and blood vessel problems from combination hormonal contraceptives (CHCs) including heart attack, blood clots, or stroke which can be fatal. This risk increases with age and the number of cigarettes smoked.

  • The use of a CHC, like NuvaRing, is associated with increased risks of several serious side effects, including blood clots, stroke, or heart attack. NuvaRing is not for women with a history of these conditions or any condition that makes your blood more likely to clot. The risk of getting blood clots may be greater with the type of progestin in NuvaRing than with some other progestins in certain low-dose birth control pills. The risk of blood clots is highest when you first start using CHCs and when you restart the same or different CHC after not using it for a month or more.
  • NuvaRing is also not for women with high blood pressure that medicine can't control; diabetes with kidney, eye, nerve, or blood vessel damage; certain kinds of severe migraine headaches; liver disease or liver tumors; unexplained vaginal bleeding; breast cancer or any cancer that is sensitive to female hormones; or if you are or may be pregnant.
  • NuvaRing does not protect against HIV infection (AIDS) and other sexually transmitted infections.
  • The most common side effects reported by users of NuvaRing are irritation inside your vagina or on your cervix; headache (including migraine); mood changes (including depression); the ring slipping out or causing discomfort; nausea and vomiting; vaginal discharge; weight gain; vaginal discomfort; breast pain, discomfort, or tenderness; painful menstrual periods; abdominal pain; acne; and less sexual desire.

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA.
Visit www.fda.gov/medwatch or call 1-800-FDA-1088.

Please read the Patient Information for NuvaRing (etonogestrel/ethinyl estradiol vaginal ring), including the information about the increased risk of serious cardiovascular side effects, especially in women who smoke, and discuss it with your health care provider. The physician Prescribing Information is also available.